A. demonstrate the nineteenth-century preference for realistic novels rather than romantic ones.
B. Explain why Jane Austen’s novels were not included in any academic curriculum in the early nineteenth century
C. Urge a reassessment of Jane Austen’s novels by twentieth-century literary critics
D. Describe some of the responses of nineteenth – century critics tol Jane Austen’s novels as well as to fiction in general
E. Argue that realistic character portrayal is the novelist’s most difficult task as well as the aspect of novel most likely to elicit critical response.
The passage supplies information for answering which of the following questions?
A. Ws Whately aware of Scott’s remarks about Jane Austen’s novels?
B. Who is an example of a twentieth-century Marxist critic?
C. Who is an example of twentieth-century critic who admired Jane Aujsten’s novels?
D. What is the author’s judgment of Dickens?
E. Did Jane Austen’s express her opinion of those nineteenth-century critics who admired her novels.
The authors mentions that English literature “was” not part of any academic curriculum “ in the early nineteenth century in order to
A. emphasize the need for Jane Austen to increate ordinary, everyday character in her novels.
B. give support to those religious and political groups that had attacked fiction
C. give one reason why Jane Austen’s novels received little critical attention in the early nineteenth century.
D. Suggest the superiority of an informal and unsystematized approach to the study of literature
E. contrast nineteenth-century attitudes towards English literature with those towards classical literature
The passage supplies information to suggest that the religious and political groups mentioned and Whately might have agreed that a novel
A. has little practical use
B. has the ability to influence the moral values of its readers
C. is of most interest to readers when representing ordinary human characters.
D. should not be read by young readers.
E. Needs the sermonizing of a narrator in order to impart moral truths
The author quotes Coleridge in order to
A. refute the literary opinions of certain religious and political groups
B. make a case for the inferiority of novels to poetry
C. give an example of a writer who was not a literary reactionary
D. illustrate the early nineteenth-century belief that fiction was especially appealing to young readers
E. indicate how widespread was the attack on novels in the early nineteenth century
The passage suggests that twentieth century Marxists would have admired Jane Austen’s noels more if the novels, a he Marxists understood them, had
A. described the values of upper-middle class society
B. avoided moral instruction and sermonizing
C. depicted ordinary society in a more flattering light portrayed characters from more than one class of society
D. portrayed characters from more than one class of society
E. anticipated some of controversial social problems of the twentieth century.
It can be inferred from the passage that Whately found Dickens character to be
A. especially interest to you readers
B. ordinary persons in recognizably human situations
C. less liable than Jane Aujten’s characters to have a realistic mixture of moral qualities
D. more often villainous and week than virtuous and good
E. less susceptible than Jane Austen’s characters to the m oral judgments of sermonizing narrator.
According to the passage, the lack of critical attention paid to Jane Austen can be explained by all of the following nineteenth-century attitudes towards the novel EXCEPT the
A. assurance felt by many people that novels weakened the mind
B. certainly shared by many political commentators that the range of novels was too narrow
C. lack of interest shown by some critics in novels that were published anonymously
D. fear exhibited by some religious and political groups that novels had the power to portray immoral characters attractively
E. belief held by some religious and political groups that novels had no practical value.
The author would most likely agree that which of the following ios the best measure of a writer’s literary success?
A. Inclusion of the writer’s work in an academic curriculum
B. Publication of the writer’s work in the writer’s own name
C. Existence of debate among critics about the writers work
D. Praise of the writers work by religious and political groups
E. Ability of the writers work to appeal to ordinary people.
The author’s discussion of Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, and Whitman is primarily concerned with explaining.
A. some of their beliefs about the difficulties involved in self-realization
B. some of their beliefs concerning the world and the place that humanity occupies in the universal order
C. some of their beliefs concerning the relationship between humanism and democracy
D. the way some of their beliefs are shaped by differences in temperament and literary outlook.
E. the effects of some of their beliefs on their writings
According to the passage, the humanistic perspective of the five writers presupposes which of the following?
I)The structures of the universe can be discovered through self-knowledge.
II)The world can be explained in terms of humanity
III)The spiritual and the material worlds are incompatible
A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II only
D. II and III only
E. I, II and III
The authors quotes Whiteman primarily in order to
A. show that the poet not agree with Emerson
B. indicate the way the poet uses the humanists ideal to praise himself
C. suggest that the poet adapts the basis premises of humanism to his own individual outlook on the world
D. illustrate a way the poet expresses the relationship of the individual to the humanistic universe
E. demonstrate that the poet is concerned with the well being of all humans
According to the passage, the five writers objects to the scientific method primarily because they think it
A. is not the best way to obtain an understanding of the relationship between the individual and the cosmos
B. is so specialized that it leads to an understanding of separate parts of the universe but not of the relationships among those parts
C. cannot provide an adequate explanation of intuition and imagination
D. misleads people into believing they have an understanding of truth, when they do not
E. prevents people from recognizing the symbolic nature of experience.
It can be inferred that intuition is important to the five writers primarily because it provides them with
A. information useful for understanding abstract logic and scientific method
B. the discipline needed in the search for truth
C. inspiration for their best writing
D. clues to the interpretation of symbolic experience
E. the means of resolving conflicts between the self and the world
The author discuses “the democratic ethic” in order to
A. explain the relationship between external experience and inner imagination
B. support the notion that the self contains two conflicting and reconcilable
C. Illustrate the relationship between the self’s desire to be individual and its desire to merge with all other selves
D. Elaborate on the concept that the self constantly desires to realize its potential
E. Give an example of the idea that, in order to be happy, the self must reconcile its desires with external reality
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