According to the passage, some twentieth-century scholars have written at length about

  • A. Walter’s persecution of his wife in Chaucer’s the Clerk’s Tale
  • B. the Duchess of Malfi’s love for her husband

  • C. the tyrannical behaviour of the Duchess of Malfi’s brothers
  • D. the actions taken by Shakespeare’s Desdemona
  • E. the injustices suffered by Chaucer’s Griselda
  • Answer: D


The primary purpose of the passage is to

  • A. describe the role of the tragic heroine in medieval and Elizabethan literature
  • B. resolve a controversy over the meaning of “poetic justice” as it is discussed in certain medieval and Elizabethan literary treatises
  • C. present evidence to support the view that characters in medieval and Elizabethan tragedies are to blame for their fates
  • D. assert that it is impossible for twentieth-century readers to fully comprehend the characters and situations in medieval and Elizabethan literary works
  • E. argue that some twentieth-century scholars have misapplied the concept of “poetic justice” in analyzing certain medieval and Elizabethan literary works.
  • Answer: E


It can be inferred from the passage that the author consider Chaucer’s Grisselda to be

  • A. an innocent victim
  • B. a sympathetic judge

  • C. an imprudent person
  • D. a strong individual
  • E. a rebellious daughters
  • Answer: A


The author’s tone in her discussion of the conclusion’s reached by the “school of twentieth-century scholars” (line 4) is best described as

  • A. plaintive

  • B. philosophical

  • C. disparaging
  • D. apologetic
  • E. enthusiastic
  • Answer: C


It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes that most people respond to intended instances of poetic justice in medieval and Elizabethan literature with

  • A. annoyance
  • B. disapproval

  • C. indifference
  • D. amusement
  • E. gratification
  • Answer: E


As described in the passage, the process by which some twentieth-century scholars have reached their conclusions about the blameworthiness of victims in medieval and Elizabethan literary works is mot similar to which of the following?

  • A. Derivation of logically sound conclusions from well-founded premises
  • B. Accurate observation of data, inaccurate calculation of statistics, and drawing of incorrect conclusions form the faulty statistics
  • C. Establishment of a theory, application of the theory to ill-fittings data, and drawing of unwarranted conclusions from the data
  • D. Development of two schools of thought about a factual situation, debate between the two schools, and rendering of a balanced judgment by an objective observer
  • E. Consideration of a factual situation by a group, discussion of various possible explanatory hypotheses and agreement by consensus on the most plausible explanation.
  • Answer: C


The author’s paraphrase of a statement by Samuel Johnson serves which of the following functions in the passage?

  • A. it furnishes a specific example
  • B. it articulates a general conclusion
  • C. it introduces a new topic
  • D. it provides a contrasting perspective
  • E. it clarifies an ambiguous assertion
  • Answer: B


The author of the passage is primarily concerned with

  • A. reconciling opposing viewpoints
  • B. encouraging innovative approaches
  • C. defending an accepted explanation
  • D. advocating an alternative interpretation
  • E. analyzing an unresolved question
  • Answer: D
  • Explanation


The primary purpose of the passage is to

  • A. criticize the inflexibility of American economic mythology
  • B. contrast “Old World” and “New World” economic ideologies
  • C. challenge the integrity of traditional political leaders

  • D. champion those Americans whom the author deems to be neglected
  • E. suggests a substitue for the traditional metaphor of a race
  • Answer: A
  • Explanation


According to the passge, “Old World” values were based on

  • A. ability
  • B. property
  • C. family connections
  • D. guild hierarchies
  • E. education
  • Answer: B


In the context of the author’s discussion of regulat ing change, which of the following could be most probably regvarded as a “strong referee” (lin e 30) in the United States?

  • A. A school principle
  • B. A political theorist
  • C. A federal court judge

  • D. A social worker
  • E. A government inspector
  • Answer: C


The author sets off the word “Reform” with quotation marks in order to

  • A. emphasize its departure from the concept of settled possessiveness
  • B. show his support for a systematic program of change
  • C. underscore the flexibility and even amorphousness of United States society
  • D. indicate that the term was one of Wilson’s favorites
  • E. assert that reform in the United States has not been fundamental
  • Answer: E


It can be inferred from the passage that the author most probably thinks that giving the disenfranchised” ‘ a piece of action’” is

  • A. a compassionate, if misdirected, legislative measure

  • B. an example of American’s resistance to profound social change
  • C. an innovative program for genuine social reform
  • D. a monument to the efforts of industrial reformers
  • E. a surprisingly “ Old World” remedy for social ills
  • Answer: B


Which of the following metaphors could the authors most appropriately use to summarize his own assessment of the American economic system ?

  • A. A windmill
  • B. A water fall
  • C. A treadmill

  • D. A gyroscope
  • E. A bellows
  • Answer: C


It can be inferred from the passage that Woodrow Wilson’s idea’s about the economic market

  • A. encouraged those who “make the system work”
  • B. perpetuated traditional legends about America
  • C. revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
  • D. foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
  • E. began a tradition of presidential proclamations on economics
  • Answer: B

Score: 0/10


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