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Free GRE Full Length CBT Test 7

Question 1

Telecom infrastructure is the key to the growth of IT software and services marketplace and a segment that has attracted the attention of Nasscom and the software sector for the past few years. Nasscom has in fact been lobbying with the Government to create a world-class, international level telecom network to facilitate the process of software exports from the country. With the software development delivery model increasingly moving towards outsourcing and offshore services, a robust and reliable telecom infrastructure has become a priority. Issues such as telephone density are important for enhancing Internet saturation in the country, which in turn will spur the growth of domestic software and services market as well as industry segments such as e-commerce. The Government has already taken substantial steps to deregulate the telecom environment since 1993. Initiatives such as liberalizing the Internet environment through the introduction of the ISP policy have been some moves in this direction. Yet, our telecom infrastructure lags behind other Asia Pacific nations such as China, Singapore, among others that boast higher telephone, Internet saturation and world class telecom infrastructure in terms of bandwidth availability, etc., which are so important for domestic IT market proliferation and software exports.

Choose the correct answer

Which of the following has not been highlighted as a necessity for propagation and enhancement of IT services in the country?

  1. Telecom Infrastructure
  2. Internet saturation
  3. Bandwidth availability
  4. Software exports
  5. Telephone density

Correct Answer: D.

Explanation:

The first sentence of the passage makes it amply clear that telecom infrastructure is essential for growth of IT software and so A is an incorrect answer to the question asked. The last sentence of the passage brings out that Internet saturation, telephone density and bandwidth availability are all prerequisites for enhancement of IT services and marketplace. Therefore, B, C and E are all incorrect answer options. Software exports have been discussed to stress on the importance of establishing a robust telecom infrastructure. There is no indication of the importance of software exports for propagation of IT services within the country and so D is the correct answer.

Question 2

The continued estrangement during the Johnson administration was reflected in the embargo on arms supplies applied to both Pakistan and India after the latter crossed the international frontier on September 6, 1965, following outbreak of fighting in the disputed territory of Kashmir. The embargo affected Pakistan much more adversely, as India had other sources available. Pakistan therefore turned to China for military hardware. Following the election of Richard Nixon to the White House in 1969, the US saw the wisdom of a rapprochement with China, in order to capitalize on the Sino-Soviet split. Pakistan’s close relations with China became an asset, and Islamabad played the role of an intermediary in this historic turn in US foreign policy. Though a “tilt” towards Pakistan replaced the hostility of the Democratic administrations of Kennedy and Johnson, the US played a role during the East Pakistan crisis of 1971 that was not in keeping with the alliance relationship. Nor was the US attitude over India’s nuclear ambitions that were exposed following its “peaceful” explosion of 1974 even-handed. As Pakistan launched efforts to develop nuclear deterrence, a discriminatory policy came to light. The Carter administration imposed sanctions on Pakistan in early 1979, over its nuclear program, when both economic and military aid was suspended.

Choose the correct answer

Which of the following US leaders were in power when the US had estranged relations with Pakistan?

  1. Nixon, Johnson and Kennedy
  2. Carter but not Nixon
  3. Nixon but not Johnson
  4. Johnson, Kennedy and Carter
  5. Kennedy and Carter

Correct Answer: B, D and E.

Explanation:

It has been clearly brought out in the passage that there was an estrangement between the US Pakistan relations during the Johnson administration. There was a ‘tilt’ towards Pakistan after Nixon came to power. Also, it has been clarified that there was hostility during the Kennedy administration and the Carter administration imposed sanctions on Pakistan. Therefore, in view of the above, it is evident that the US did not have estranged relations with Pakistan only when Nixon was in power and this implies that B, D and E are the correct answers.

Question 3

Civilization fulfils itself when humans are (1) ------------ from animosity to (2) ------------. Religion and spirituality have their role in this transforming and (3) -------------- process.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. shifted
  2. elevated
  3. transferred
  1. spirituality
  2. urbanization
  3. effluence
  1. cultivating
  2. persisting
  3. regenerating

Correct Answer: Elevated, spirituality and regenerating

Explanation:

The first blank in the sentence has to be filled with a word that can tell about the kind of movement involved in the human race moving from animosity to another level. Since animosity is a lower level of existence we can definitely say that the movement is towards a higher level of existence. Therefore, considering the options given, we can say that ‘elevated’ is the most suitable answer.
The next blank requires us to fill it with the level of existence to which humans travelled from animosity. As said before, this has to be something higher in the ladder of existence. The option ‘effluence’ is not a valid option in this equation, so we reject it. The other option ‘urbanization’ can be suitable but in the light of the third option, ‘spirituality’, we reject it. It is because the latter part of the passage also uses the word and provides us with a hint for it being the correct answer.
The last blank in the passage has to be completed with a word that can be equal in meaning to the word ‘transforming’. The options ‘cultivating’ and ‘persisting’ cannot be accepted as the correct answers as the former carries a metaphorical significance in the context while the latter is a word with an opposite meaning. The only appropriate answer option is therefore, ‘regenerating’.

Question 4

A point divides the line joining (-1,-5) and (6,5) in the ratio 1:6.

Column A Column B
Ordinate of the point Abscissa of the point
  1. Quantity A is greater
  2. Quantity B is greater
  3. The quantities are equal
  4. The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

The coordinates of the point are given by
((-1*6+6*1)/(6+1), (-5*6+5*1)/(6+1))
= ((-6+6)/7, (-30+5)/7)
= (0, -25/7)
Abscissa is the x co-ordinate and hence it is greater than the ordinate, which is the y co-ordinate.
Option B is correct.

Question 5

Evaluate 64(1/5)*512(1/5)*[{729(1/2)}(1/3)]
[x(1/5) = Fifth root of x]

Correct Answer: 24

Explanation:

64(1/5)*512(1/5)*[{729(1/2)}(1/3)] = (26)(1/5)*(29)(1/5)*[729{(1/2)*(1/3)}]
= {2(6*1/5)}*{2(9*1/5)}*{729(1/6)}
= {2(6/5+9/5)}*{36}(1/6)
= 2(15/5)*{3(6*1/6)}
= 2^3*3
= 8*3=24

Question 6

Alice can knit a sweater in 30 days, Laura in 20 days and Sandra in 60 days. How many days will they take to knit the sweater if they share their work? Indicate the correct option.

  1. 5
  2. 10
  3. 15
  4. 20
  5. 25

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Work done by Alice in one day = 1/30
Work done by Laura in one day = 1/20
Work done by Sandra in one day = 1/60
Work done by them working together in one day = 1/20+1/30+1/60
= (3+2+1)/60
= 6/60=1/10
Time taken to compete the work = 10 days
Option B is correct.

Question 7

A, B and C can together complete a work in 30 days working 5 hours daily. Which of the following statements is true? Indicate all correct statements.

  1. A completes the work in 10 days working alone for 5 hours daily
  2. B can complete the work in 40 days working alone for 3 hours daily
  3. We cannot determine how many days A and B will take to complete the work, working together for 7 hours daily
  4. We cannot determine how many days A will take to complete the work working alone for 5 hours daily
  5. C will take more than 30 days to complete the work working alone for less than 5 hours daily

Correct Answer: C, D and E

Explanation:

We are given that A, B and C complete the work in 30 days working for 5 hours daily. We need more information to determine how many days each will take to complete the work working alone. Options A and B are false and C and D are true. Option E is true since even if A and B do not contribute towards the work, C shall take at least 30 days to complete it working 5 hours daily. Since he works for less than 5 hours daily, he shall take more than 30 days.

Question 8

“Over the past 20 years we’ve gotten pretty good at navigation,” says Brooks, who heads Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence (Al) Laboratory. “But none of the robots manipulates the environment or really understands the objects they encounter outside of the lab.” A toddler can recognize a cup as a cup, even if its shape or size changes, while a six-year-old can tie her own shoelaces. For robotics, what it will take to reach those goals is a tremendous advance in artificial intelligence. A current focus in Al is embodiment as humans gain experience about the world by moving through it and manipulating it, so to build robots capable of learning, research groups have increased efforts to mimic the human form.

Which sentence asserts that in terms of manual dexterity, robotics is still in its infancy?

The correct answer is D. (For robotics, what … intelligence)

Explanation

Manual dexterity is reflected in actions like tying one’s own shoelaces. This is mentioned in the third sentence, but has not been linked to robotics in this sentence and so it cannot be correct. The fourth sentence makes it apparent that robotics is in a stage where attaining this kind of manual dexterity will require remarkable advancement in artificial intelligence. Therefore, this sentence implies that the present stage of robotics can be compared to infancy as it will take time for it to reach the toddler stage. Therefore, D is the correct answer.

Question 9

There is a ----------- and bleak scenario witnessed when we look at the human rights situation in India.

  1. Morbid
  2. Ghastly
  3. Desolate
  4. Optimistic
  5. Dismal

Correct Answer: A, B, C and E

Explanation

The blank in the sentence has to be filled using a word that compliments the meaning of the word, ‘bleak’. Thus, the first three options, ‘Morbid’, ‘Ghastly’ and ‘Desolate’ are the correct answers as they are similar in the sense implied by the word ‘bleak’. The fourth option, ‘Optimistic’ is not correct, since it has an opposing meaning. And the last option, ‘Dismal’ is again a correct answer as it compliments ‘bleak’ perfectly.


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