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Free GRE Full Length CBT Test 17

Question: 1

Passage

Can a person’s greatness be recognized only in retrospect, by those who live after him? In my view this is unfairly generalized. In some areas, especially the arts, greatness is often recognizable in its nascent stages. However, in other areas, particularly the physical sciences, greatness must be tested over time before it can be confirmed. In still other areas, such as business, the incubation period for greatness varies from case to case. We do not require a rear-view mirror to recognize artistic greatness— whether in music, visual arts, or literature. The reason for this is simple: art can be judged at face value. There’s nothing to be later proved or disproved, affirmed or discredited, or even improved upon or refined by further knowledge or newer technology. History is replete with examples of artistic greatness immediately recognized, then later confirmed.

Choose the correct answer

What is the author’s perspective on recognising a person’s greatness or calibre?

  1. It is unfair to give recognition only after reciprocating the work
  2. It is not fair to judge a person during his lifetime
  3. People who live after a great man are not the best judges of his work
  4. It is unfair to assume that whatever be the case, it is only after he is gone, that one can retrospect his work
  5. It is unfounded to assume that, in all cases, this recognition can be done only after he is no more

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

The opening sentences of the passage make it very clear that the author disagrees with the suggestion or question whether a person’s greatness can be recognised only by those who live after him. He is of the opinion that it has been unfairly ‘generalised’; in other words, this cannot hold true for all cases. He then goes on to describe how a work can be recognised depending upon the area to which it belongs, for instance, the arts or sciences or business. Out of the all the given options, D and E seem to be the closest to the author’s perspective on the issue. On comparing D and E, it can be seen that E is the correct answer as D is ambiguous due to the usage of ‘retrospect’ in the context in which it has been used and also because ‘whatever be the case’ is grossly incorrect as outlined in the subsequent sentences of the passage. Therefore, E is the correct answer.

Question: 2

Passage

The diversity of India is tremendous; it is obvious; it lies on the surface and anybody can see it. It concerns itself with physical appearances as well as with certain mental habits and traits. There is little in common between the Pathans of the North-West and the Tamils in the far South. Their racial stocks are not the same, though there may be common strands running through them; they differ in face and figure, food and clothing, and, of course, in language. In the North-Western Frontier Province there is already the breath of Central Asia, and many a custom there, as in Kashmir, remind one of the countries on the other side of the Himalayas. Pathan popular dances are singularly like Russian Cossack dancing. Yet, with all these differences, there is no mistaking the impress of India on the Pathans, as it is obvious on the Tamils. This is not surprising, for these borderlands, and indeed Afghanistan also, were united with India for thousands of years. The old Turkish and other races that inhabited Afghanistan and parts of Central Asia before the advent of Islam were largely Buddhists, and earlier still, during the period of the Epics, Hindus. The frontier area was one of the principal centers of old Indian culture and it abounds still with ruins of monuments and monasteries and, especially, of the great university of Taxila, which was at the height of its fame two thousand years ago, attracting students from all over India as well as different parts of Asia. Changes of religion made a difference, but could not change entirely the mental backgrounds which the people of those areas had developed. The Pathans and the Tamils are two extreme examples; the others lie somewhere in between. All of them have their distinctive features; all of them have still more the distinguishing mark of India.

Choose the correct answers

Which of the following are not true in respect of the Pathans as described by the author?

  1. Pathans and Russians have a common thread running through them
  2. The nationality of the Pathans cannot be doubted
  3. There is nothing common between the Pathans and the Tamils
  4. It is difficult to recognise the Pathans as Indians
  5. The culture of the Pathans transcends international borders

Correct Answer: C and D

Explanation:

It has been brought out that the Pathans and the Russians have similar dances and therefore, A is true in respect of the Pathans and is therefore an incorrect answer option. At the same time, it implies that E is true in respect of the Pathans and is therefore, an incorrect answer option. The author states that “there is no mistaking the impress of India on the Pathans, as it is obvious on the Tamils”. This implies that both the Pathans and the Tamils cannot be mistaken as non-Indians and this is something that is common between and the Pathans and the Tamils. Therefore, B is an incorrect answer option and C and D are both correct answer options.

Question: 3

Sleep is more natural, because you have (1) ------------ it long. If you live 60 years; for 20 years you have been asleep. It is the greatest (2) ------------ that you have been doing; one-third of your life is spent in sleep. Laughing, how can you fall asleep? It brings a (3) -------- of no-mind and no-thought, and does not allow you to fall asleep.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. stretched
  2. practiced
  3. valued
  1. activity
  2. artistry
  3. research
  1. region
  2. terrain
  3. state

Correct Answer: Practiced, activity and state

Explanation:

The first blank in the sentence requires a word that can complete the sentence properly so as to reveal a perfect meaning. The most relevant option among the list of given three here is ‘practiced’, which is thus, the correct answer.

The second blank has to be completed with a word that can describe the category into which sleeping can be put. The options, ‘research’ and ‘artistry’ are not suitable in this context so are rejected. The only relevant option given here is thus, ‘activity’.

The third blank in the passage should be completed with a word that can complete the phrase ‘--------- of no-mind’. The options ‘region’ and ‘terrain’ are irrelevant in this context and the only suitable answer is therefore, ‘state’ which has been used in a metaphorical sense here.

Question: 4

The lines represented by x+2y+7=0 and 2x+ky+14=0 are coincident.

Column A Column B
k -k
  1. Quantity A is greater
  2. Quantity B is greater
  3. The quantities are equal
  4. The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

x+2y+7=0 and 2x+ky+14=0

Since the lines are coincident, the equations have infinite solutions.

1/2=2/k=7/14

k = 2*2=4

k=4

-k=-4

Option A is correct.

Question: 5

100 people in 5 cities each were interviewed about whether they cast their vote or not. The number of people in the first four cities who casted their vote were 72, 75, 83 and 93. How many people from the fifth city should have casted their vote so that the average number of voters per city would be at least 75?

Correct Answer: 53

Explanation:

Let x be the number of people who casted their vote in the fifth city such that the average of the voters in the five cities was at least 75.

Average = Sum of observations/Number of observations

(x+72+75+83+93)/5>75

x+323>75*5

x+323>375

x>375-323

x>52

The least number of voters should be 53.

Question: 6

What part of the share of Amanda of 1/15 does Peter have if Peter has 3/40? Indicate the correct option.

  1. 120/3
  2. 3/120
  3. 1/45
  4. 9/8
  5. 8/9

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Let the required number be x

1/15*x=3/40

x=3/40*15

= 45/40 = 9/8

Peter has 9/8 part of Amanda's share.

Option D is true.

Question: 7

When two unbiased dice are tossed simultaneously, which of the following statements is true? Indicate all true statements.

  1. There is 1/2 probability of obtaining an even number as the sum
  2. There is no possibility of obtaining the same number on both the dice
  3. There are 50% chances that the sum of the numbers appearing on the dice is even
  4. There are 15 possible events of obtaining the sum as a prime number
  5. In one-sixth cases the same number appears on both the dice

Correct Answer: A, C, D and E

Explanation:

When two dice are tossed, there are 6*6=36 possible outcomes.

The events of an even sum are {(1,1), (1,3), (1,5),(2,2), (2,4), (2,6), (3,1), (3,3), (3,5), (4,2), (4,4), (4,6), (5,1), (5,3), (5,5), (6,2), (6,4), (6,6)}
The number of such events are 18
Probability = 18/36 = 1/2 = 50%
Options A and C are true.

The same number can appear on both the dice. The events shall be {(1,1), (2,2), (3,3), (4,4), (5,5), (6,6)}.
The probability is 6/36=1/6
Option B is false and E is true.

The events of obtaining the sum as a prime number are {(1,2), (1,4), (1,6), (2,1), (2,3), (2,5), (3,2), (3,4), (4,1), (4,3), (5,2), (5,6), (6,1), (6,3), (6,5)}
There are 15 such events.
Option D is true.

Question 8

The Taliban are to be found all over Afghanistan. They may be lying low, but they are quite capable of mounting successful offensives against Afghan security forces when and where they choose. The fight against Al-Qaeda is compounded by the kind of terrain and tribal culture the Afghanistan-Pakistan border area has. The hilly terrain is one of the world’s most difficult areas for any form of military action. Military planners in the area must also take into consideration the tribesmen’s fierce sense of independence. The vast majority of them may not be Taliban supporters, but they are suspicious of armed intrusions into their territory and guard the traditions of tribal independence jealously.

Which sentence contradicts the claim made in the fourth sentence (The hilly terrain … action)?

The correct answer is B. (They may be … choose)

Explanation

The fourth sentence states that the terrain is one of the most difficult areas for any form of military action. The correct answer to the question asked would be the sentence that brings out a fact which belies the statement made in the fourth statement. Out of all the sentences given in the answer options, it is the second sentence that hints at a fact which contradicts the statement made in the fourth sentence. The second sentence brings out that the Taliban can carry out an offensive against the Afghan forces when and where they choose and the offensives are successful for the Taliban. This clearly implies that the terrain is conducive for military action as far as the Taliban is concerned and hence, when seen from this perspective, the second sentence contradicts the claim made in the fourth sentence and hence, B is the correct answer.

Question 9

The various improvements in the scientific means and methods are a result of the human --------- to improve one’s living conditions.

  1. Antipathy
  2. Impulse
  3. Revulsion
  4. Loathing
  5. Impetus

Correct Answer: B and E

Explanation

The correct answers to fill the blank in this sentence have to be selected on the basis of one’s understanding of the meaning desired from the sentence. The first option, ‘Antipathy’ is not properly suited to the meaning conveyed by the sentence, so is a wrong answer. The second option, ‘impulse’ is the correct answer as it conveys the desired meaning efficiently. The next two options, ‘Revulsion’ and ‘Loathing’ are direct opposite to the desired meaning of the sentence, so are wrong answers. The last option, ‘Impetus’ is again a correct answer as it completes the meaning of the sentence properly.


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