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Free GRE Full Length CBT Test 16

Question: 1

Passage

One difficulty for the Congress is the replication of the Kerala coalition model at the national level. In States such as Maharashtra, Bihar and Jammu and Kashmir, the party was able to share power only through a post-poll arrangement. The allies in these States are also rivals at one level. The Congress will have to settle for a junior role in several States before it can build an effective national-level alliance. Not surprisingly, the BJP, which made coalition politics the vehicle of its movement towards power at the Centre, senses some kind of threat in the newly exhibited willingness of the Congress to accommodate the smaller regional parties in a broad secular alliance. There is no question of parties such as the Telugu Desam and the Biju Janata Dal, which have the Congress as the principal rival in Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, becoming alliance partners of the Congress, but this cannot be said of several other current allies of the BJP - especially if they feel the electoral wind is blowing in favor of the Congress. By shedding its inhibitions about a coalition arrangement, which effectively prevented the emergence of a non-BJP government alternative in 1999, the Congress can expect to draw support from various political quarters in a new bid to unseat the BJP.

Choose the correct answer

The facts provided in the passage conclusively indicate that the BJP

  1. is an independent political party and has never been part of an alliance
  2. has allies who could join the Congress alliance depending upon the situation
  3. is not intimidated by the smaller parties being taken into the Congress’s folds
  4. was never in power at the centre
  5. has never utilized coalition politics for coming into power at the centre

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

The statement, “the BJP, which made coalition politics the vehicle of its movement towards power at the Centre” makes it clear that the BJP was at the centre at some point of time and it was part of an alliance or coalition that took BJP to the position of power. Therefore, options, A, D and E are all incorrect. It has been stated that the BJP “senses some kind of threat” from the “willingness of the Congress to accommodate the smaller regional parties in a broad secular alliance” and this implies that C is also incorrect. The author brings out that , “this cannot be said of several other current allies of the BJP - especially if they feel the electoral wind is blowing in favor of the Congress” with reference to political parties who will definitely not join the Congress alliance. Therefore, B is the correct answer.

Question: 2

Passage

A person would much rather be proved wrong than be told that his thinking was all right but limited. At least you may be right on another occasion, but being limited implies an inadequacy that will never be put right. Since it is impossible to tell a person that his thinking is limited, it is very unlikely that anyone should be capable of saying this to himself. A person will never admit to himself that his thinking is superficial or shallow or that it could be improved. The result is a colossal conceit in all matters connected with thinking. Nor is the conceit proportional to the ability. In the case of more able thinkers the conceit increases at a much greater rate than the thinking skill, so that a person who might be twice as skilled at thinking as another would be four times as conceited about that skill. The ego problem is a very difficult one to overcome in the teaching of thinking. Much depends on the teacher. The method is to try to separate thinking as a deliberate and an artificial skill from the ordinary thinking activity of the ego.

Choose the correct answers

Limited thinking has been described by the author as

  1. an inadequacy which is not considered favourable over being proved as wrong
  2. more acceptable when compared to being pointed out as wrong
  3. an inadequacy which is unlikely to be sufficed
  4. the root cause of egotistical thinking
  5. as aspect of personality that people strive to improve upon

Correct Answer: A, C and D

Explanation:

Limited thinking has been defined as an “inadequacy that will never be put right” and it has also been brought out that “A person would much rather be proved wrong than be told that his thinking was all right but limited”. This implies that A and C are both correct, but B is incorrect. The inability of a person to admit that his thinking is limited leads to “a colossal conceit in all matters connected with thinking”. Therefore, D is also correct. However, E is incorrect as it has been brought out that “A person will never admit to himself that his thinking is superficial or shallow or that it could be improved”. Therefore, the correct answers are A, C and D.

Question: 3

To obliterate every other religion than one’s own is a sort of (1) ------------ in religion which we must try to (2) ----------. We can do so only if we accept something like the Indian solution, which seeks the (3) ------------ not in a common creed but in a common quest.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. Bolshevism
  2. co-operation
  3. play balling
  1. denounce
  2. prevent
  3. encourage
  1. unity of religion
  2. creativity of thoughts
  3. variety of castes

Correct Answer: Bolshevism, prevent and unity of religion

Explanation:

The first blank in the sentence has to be completed with a word that can explain the act of obliterating religions other than one’s own. The option ‘co-operation’ is rejected as it conveys the opposing meaning of what is desired here. The other option, ‘play balling’ also refers to the same in a colloquial sense, so we reject it. The only relevant option therefore, is ‘Bolshevism’.

The second blank in the sentence has to be completed with a word that can define an activity which is required to be taken up against the obliteration of one religion by another. The practice cannot be rejected altogether, due to the variety of creeds, so we cannot accept ‘denounce’ as the correct answer. The other option ‘encourage’ reveals an opposing meaning, so we reject it. The only relevant option is thus, ‘prevent’.

The last blank in the passage has to be completed with a phrase that can explain the nature of Indian culture, with respect to the religious systems practiced under it. The most relevant option given to us, which describes the criterion perfectly here is ‘unity of religion’. The other options are partially incorrect, so are rejected by us.

Question: 4

The maximum possible integral value of x if

Column A Column B
2x-3<5 3
  1. Quantity A is greater
  2. Quantity B is greater
  3. The quantities are equal
  4. The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

2x-3<5

2x<5+3

2x<8

x<4

The maximum possible integral value of x is 3.

Option C is correct.

Question: 5

A, B and C invested $200, $500 and $400 respectively in a farm of potatoes. The farm yielded 5500 kg of potatoes in the year, which the three divided in proportion to their investment. How many kilograms less than the combined share of A and C did B get?

Correct Answer: 500

Explanation:

The yield is divided proportionately.

B’s share = 500/(200+500+400)*5500

= 500/1100*5500

= 5/11*5500

= 2500 kg

A and C's combined share = (200+400)/(200+500+400)*5500

= 600/1100*5500

= 6/11*5500

= 3000 kg

B's share is lesser than A and C's combined share by 3000 - 2500 = 500 kg

Question: 6

Which of the following is the cube of 3/25? Indicate the correct option.

  1. 0.0144
  2. 0.001728
  3. 0.0001728
  4. 0.00001728
  5. 0.00144

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

(3/25)3= 0.123

=0.001728

Option B is correct.

Question: 7

Which of the following is not a multiple of 3, 7 and 19? Indicate all such options.

  1. 7980
  2. 234901
  3. 9975
  4. 3591
  5. 185191

Correct Answer: B and E

Explanation:

7980=3*7*19*20

234901 is not divisible by 3

9975=3*7*19*25

3591=3*7*19*9

185191 is not divisible by 3

Hence, (B) and (E) are the correct options.

Question 8

Are all Muslim countries backward? It is true to an extent since Muslim countries, where affairs are administered on the basis of the concept of inseparability of religion from the state, are either altogether backward or at least in some respects. An objective analysis of the cause of this backwardness makes it apparent that the main factor responsible is not religion but the perception of Islamic polity being influenced more by the form rather than the true spirit and essence of religious teachings and values. This is probably why the view that religion cannot be separated from the state in a Muslim country is being increasingly criticized these days. It is cited as the main reason behind the backwardness of Muslim states that are, actually acting on this concept.

Which sentence advocates the claim that the inseparability of religion from the state is more of a theoretical rather than a scriptural injunction?

The correct answer is C. (An objective analysis … values)

Explanation

Out of all the sentences, it is the third sentence that discusses the Islamic polity or the Muslim state and how it is influenced by the form and not the true spirit of the religious or scriptural teachings. This clearly implies that the inseparability of religion from the state is not a scriptural injunction or decree. Therefore, C is the correct answer.

Question 9

Even though all are aware of its -------------, the problem of terrorism has not been able to find any solution for itself from any of the countries.

  1. Magnitude
  2. Eminence
  3. Insignificance
  4. Worthlessness
  5. Grandeur

Correct Answer: A, B and E

Explanation

The sentence here discusses the problem of terrorism and the blank has to be filled using an adjective for its nature. A look at the provided options hints at the aspect that we are supposed to consider while choosing this adjective; here, the aspect is its significance. The first two options, ‘Magnitude’ and ‘Eminence’; and the last option, ‘Grandeur’ are the correct answers in this regard. The third and fourth options, ‘Insignificance’ and ‘Worthlessness’ are wrong as they convey the opposite of the desired meaning of the sentence.


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