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It seems there have been many Alexander the Greats - as many as there have been serious students of him as man, hero or God. There are two main reasons for this, multiplicity and plasticity. First, and more poetically, the great leader's achievements - both in his lifetime and posthumously (the Alexander myth or legend) - are simply staggering. Second, the original narrative sources that survive for Alexander are mostly either very non-contemporary or very skewed by partisanship - pro or con, or both. In the past there have been those who saw him as essentially reasonable and gentlemanly, or dynamic and titanic, or Homerically heroic. But the recent trend has been decidedly negative, emphasizing variously his conquering bloodlust, his megalomania, or alleged alcoholism. Here I hope not to err on the side of gratuitous mudslinging, in my search for clues to the mainsprings of Alexander's character. But I do lay stress on his grand passion for hunting game - human as well as animal and the bigger and more dangerous the better. Such macho feats offered him the chance to enhance his standing in the eyes of his subjects, as well as to ensure an impressive reputation into posterity.
Choose the correct answer
Which of the following contradicts the image of Alexander as painted by the author?
Correct Answer: E
It has been brought out that Alexander has been seen differently by different people and that he had various facets to his personality. There are people who saw him as "reasonable and gentlemanly, or dynamic and titanic" and therefore, A does not contradict the image of Alexander as painted by the author and hence, it is incorrect. He has been labeled as a megalomaniac and hence, B also agrees with the content of the passage and is therefore an incorrect answer option. He had a 'conquering bloodlust' and so C is also incorrect. He had a passion for hunting. This implies that he was an avid hunter but he did not find hunting to be a repugnant game. Therefore, D is incorrect and E is the correct answer.
When the abbreviation OBC is spelt out, it refers to Other Backward Classes and not Castes. This is the meaning that the Constitution of India gave to the phrase. There is a world of difference between the two and it is only by means of deft political jugglery that the impression has been conveyed that the Constitution is interested in uplifting a section of the population that can be labeled under the totally spurious term called backward caste. As the Constitution was interested in the lot of backward classes, it did not easily equate them with any cluster of castes, nor did it privilege a solely caste-based criterion to determine them. Backward classes could mean the poor, or village-based artisans, or the unemployed, or those who are in remote regions, or those who are educationally deficient, or those who suffer from food deprivation. In all such cases, the focus is on actual people and not communities. As those answering to such descriptions could come from any caste group, the founding figures of the Constitution, very purposively, used the term OBC strictly in terms of classes and not castes. Contrast this with the way the Scheduled Castes were classified by the Constitution. The job of determining which castes were untouchables proved tricky, so in all such cases, only the caste criterion was the determining factor. Economic or educational concerns had no role to play when it came to deciding on the listing of the Scheduled Castes. So when the Constitution clearly states "classes" and not "castes", as in the term OBC, it is deliberate, and not an oversight.
Choose the correct answers
Backward Classes could not be placed in the same category as Scheduled Castes because
Correct Answer: C and E
The author brings out that people were not classified as Backward Classes on the basis of "a solely caste-based criterion" and that they were classified thus if they were "poor, or village-based artisans, or the unemployed"; whereas "the caste criterion was the determining factor" in the case of the Schedules Castes and "Economic or educational concerns had no role to play". Also, it has been clearly mentioned that this classification was "deliberate, and not an oversight" which implies that A is clearly incorrect, but C and E are correct. B and D refer to aspects related to classification of people as Backward Classes and they do not refer to why these people cannot be clubbed under Schedules Castes as well. Therefore, B and D are also incorrect and C and E are the only correct answers.
The appearance of a new religion in the world, (1) ---------- a time of great change and (2) -------, is not unlike the birth of a human child. Each time a (3) ---------- figure comes to a society greatly in need of spiritual rebirth, his message stirs society to the core.
|Blank 1||Blank 2||Blank 3|
Correct Answer : Signaling, upheaval and messianic
The first blank here requires to be completed with the use of a word that can explain the link between the emergence of 'a new religion' and 'a time of great change'. We can understand that the two phenomenons are resultant to each other. A new religion brings about great changes after its emergence. In this context, the option 'signaling' is the most appropriate answer.
The second blank in the passage has to be completed with a word that can stand in equation with the phrase 'a time of great change'. Among the options, 'calm' is inappropriate as a time of change is always accompanied with disturbances and stirrings in the society. The option 'upheaval' is most suitable as per this description; so we take it as the correct answer.
The third blank in the passage has to be completed with a word that can describe a figure that emerges in the society at such times. Since we are talking about religion and spirituality, the option 'political' is unsuitable to be used here. Among the other two options, the more appropriate to be used here is 'messianic'.
A stick of length 30cm is at a distance of 8 cm from the centre of a hemi-spherical urn.
|Column A||Column B||Length of the longest stick that can be placed in the urn.||Diameter of the urn|
Correct Answer: C
The longest stick that can be placed shall be equal to the diameter of the urn.
Trivially option C is correct.
A team of 10 has to be selected for representing a school for a quiz competition. Alan and Smith are sure to be chosen from the 20 students shortlisted. How many different teams can be formed?
Correct Answer: 43758
Ten students have to be selected out of 20.
Two students are sure to be chosen.
Hence, 8 students have to be chosen from 18 remaining students.
The number of teams possible is given by C(18,8)
C(18,8) = 18!/[(18-8)!8!]
If the following system of equations represents lines that meet at a point, then which of the following is the point?
ax+by=c and lx+my=n
Indicate the correct option.
Correct Answer: A
The solution is given by
x/(bn-cm) = y/(lc-an) = 1/(am-lb)
The point is given by
Option A is correct.
David has to fill a water tank for the animals in his farm. He uses two pipes which can fill the tank in 12 minutes and 15 minutes when used separately. However, there is a hole in the tank. When he fills the tank with both the pipes at the same time, it takes him 40 minutes to complete his work. Which of the following statements is true? Indicate all true statements.
Correct Answers: B, D and E
Work done by the faster tap in one minute = 1/12
Work done by the slower tap in one minute = 1/15
Let the work done by the hole in one minute be 1/x
The hole takes 8 minutes to empty the tank.
Option A is false and E is true.
When the hole is closed, work done in one minute = 1/12+1/15
= 9/(60) = 3/20
Time taken to fill the tank = 20/3=6.66
David will save more than 10 minutes.
Option B is true.
When only the faster pipe is used, work done in one minute = 1/12-1/8 = (2-3)/(18.104.22.168)
Since this is negative, the pipe cannot fill the tank due to the hole.
Option C is false and clearly option D is true.
That circumstances grow out of thought, every man knows, who has for any length of time practised self-control and self-purification, for he will have noticed that the alteration in his circumstances has been in exact ratio with his altered mental condition. So true is this that when a man earnestly applies himself to remedy the defects in his character, and makes swift and marked progress, he passes rapidly through a succession of vicissitudes. The soul attracts that which it secretly harbors; that which it loves, and also that which it fears; it reaches the height of its cherished aspirations. Every thought-seed sown or allowed to fall into the mind produces its own, blossoming sooner or later into act, and bearing its own fruitage of opportunity and circumstance. Good thoughts bear good fruit, bad thoughts bad fruit.
Which sentence brings out that man undergoes various alterations when he attempts to improve his disposition?
The correct answer is B. (So true is………… succession of vicissitudes.)
The second sentence is the only sentence that explicitly discusses a man undergoing a succession of alterations or vicissitudes as a result of attempting to change his character or disposition. Therefore, out of all the given answer options, it is evident that B is the correct answer.
As the cultures develop, there come stages when they show signs of degeneration and a -------------- is required.
Correct Answer: A, B and E
The sentence here requires the usage of a word that can explain the need of re-arousal of cultural values after they start showing signs of degeneration with time passing. The first two options, ‘Invigoration’ and ‘Rejuvenation’ convey this meaning completely, so they are the correct answer options. The next two options, ‘Abortion and ‘Destruction’ are not capable of conveying the desired meaning, so are the wrong answer options. The last option, ‘Renascence’ is again a correct answer.
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